Climate neutral
Organic
Sustainable packaging

Glossary

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Areca palm

A feather palm from Southeast Asia that can reach 25 to 30m in height. Its leaves, more precisely its palm leaf sheaths, are then used to produce the palm leaf tableware.

Bagasse

Fibrous leftovers that are generated during the squeezing of sugarcanes. With the aid of water and natural binders, this by-product is transformed into bagasse tableware (also called sugarcane tableware). For further information, please click here.

Bamboo

Bamboo belongs to the grasses and is a frugal and fast growing plant. Since it can be utilized in a variety of ways, it forms the basis of life for about 1,5 billion people all over the world.

Barrier function

The barrier function limits the exchange between the inside and outside of a packaging. For instance, aromatic products such as coffee may be protected by foils and coatings in the packaging.

Bio-coating

A compostable coating that is based on renewable resources.  The natural coating of palm leaves is also called bio-coating.

Bio-foil

A foil that is produced with renewable resources and/or contains environmentally friendly characteristics.

Bioplastics

Generally, plastics are called bioplastics when their production is based on renewable resources. Alternatively, one speaks of bioplastics when they are biodegradable, which also applies to some conventional plastics. The greenbox products from Bionatic are, unless expressly labeled otherwise, completely manufactured from renewable resources and produced without crude oil. For further information, please click here.

Bioplastic Mater-Bi©

Registered trademark of the firm Novamont. It represents a large family of innovative bioplastics made from starch, cellulose or plant oil, respectively different combinations of these materials.

Bisphenol A

A precursor for the synthesis of polymer plastics and therefore linked to a high economic value. It is commonly known as an antioxidant in softeners.

BRC-Certification

Companies certified according to the BRC (British Retail Consortium) must fulfil clearly defined requirements for the food safety. The companies have to proof norms for the hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP), a documented quality management system as well as controlled hygienic conditions.

Cellulose

The main component of plant cell walls with a mass component of 50%.

Cold Cups

Transparent drinking cups that can be used for beverages with a temperature up to 40°C. The greenbox product range only offers cold cups made from bioplastic (PLA).

Composting

This biological process breaks down organic material under the influence of oxygen and microorganisms. There is a distinction between industrial composting processes on one side and self-composting with longer composting periods on the other side.

Co-product

Co-products are products made of by-products from a manufacturing process.

CPLA

PLA that was further processed in order to reach a higher heat resistance. The C stands for “crystalized”.

Demerara sugar (brown sugar)

A special kind of brown cane sugar with big crystals. The name originates from the Dutch colony where the sugar was initially produced.

Disposable tableware

Tableware that is intended for single use and subsequently disposed of.

Double wall

Some of the greenbox paper cups are produced with a doubled cardboard layer. Therefore, they are especially suitable for hot beverages because, even with hot content, they are comfortable to touch.

Dual System

A system for the close-to-home collection and recovery of used sales packaging. Ecologically efficient packaging recycling, disposal, and marketing are part of the duties of the DSD (Duales System Deutschland).

EN/DIN13432

Products certified according to this norm are at least 90% decomposable within a maximum of 90 days in an industrial composting facility. The certification does not declare anything about the composting period in open nature. Here, decisive factors include the weather, micro bacterial soil conditions as well as the quality of the compost.

Fair Trade

An organization that stands up for the improvement of living and working conditions in developing countries and strengthens wage workers.

FSC

Forest Stewardship Council is an independent, charitable non-governmental organization for the promotion of an environmentally friendly, socially responsible and economically viable forestry.

Hemicellulose

Component of plant cell walls as well as a general term for the mixture of polysaccharide that occurs in the plant’s biomass.

Hot Cups

Drink cups that are suitable for hot beverages with a temperature up to 100°C.

Lignin

Due to its storage in plant cell walls, this natural material causes the lignification of plants.

Low gas barrier

The bioplastic PLA has a lower gas barrier than PET. For this reason, aroma may escape faster (see also barrier function).

Migration

Process where (harmful) substances migrate from packaging into food due to their liquid solubility.

Nanomaterials

Chemical particles that are used in many basic commodities such as packaging material. Released particles may have a negative effect on health if they enter the human body. Therefore, greenbox’s products do not contain any nanomaterials.

Palm leaf product

Large and undamaged leaf sheaths of the areca palm can be pressed into dimensionally stable products such as palm leaf tableware. For further information, please click here.

Phthalate

Softeners that are mainly used for soft PVC. They are not chemically bound which causes them to evaporate, leach or distribute through the abrasion of plastic particles. In this manner, humans absorb them through the air or the food they eat.

PLA

Polylactic acid (PLA) are chemically bound lactic acid molecules that are transformed into biocompatible plastics by means of heat application.

PP

The conventional plastic polypropylene is produced from propylene, a colour- and odorless gas.

PSM

A bioplastic that is based on starch.

PSM/PP combination

The mixture of bioplastics and conventional plastics is used to reach an even higher temperature resistance up to 105°C.

Recycled PET

Recycling of the conventional plastic PET (polylethylene terephthalate) into a new product. The reprocessing of already used bottles protects the environment and results in a cheaper provision.

Recycling paper

Paper and cardboard are recycled and processed into environmentally friendly recycling paper/cardboard. It does not only protect the valuable wood reserved but it also saves energy and water.

Regulations for the direct contact with food

The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) issues recommendations for the manufacturers of packaging. According to this, packages must be produced in such a way that they do not transfer any harmful components to food under normal and foreseeable conditions of use.

Reusable tableware

Tableware that can be used multiple times after its cleaning.

Softener

These chemical substances are used in large amounts to make plastics, rubber, and comparable products softer, more flexible and more elastic. Due to the fact that many softeners are readily soluble, they may end up in food.

Sugarcane residual fibers

Also called bagasse (see above): A by-product which is generated during the squeezing of sugarcanes.

US ASTM Certification

This is the American regulation for the examination of materials and products with regard to their complete compostability. It only differs in small details from the European norm EN/DIN13432 (see above).

Waste product

A product that remains after a manufacturing or transformation process and that cannot be processed further in this particular process. If the waste product becomes part of a new product, it is called recycling.